One might start by evaluating the existing possibilities as exemplified by the various forms of government in the states of the world. The state is an organization that possesses sovereignty over a territory and its people.
Over the years development programs have been criticized for ignoring gender roles and the impact it has on women in the global south.
However we see a shift to integrate women into development programs in hopes of eradicating poverty and low social economical status Memorial University, In the last three decades, Women In Development, Woman And Development and Gender And Development paradigms have been so pervasive that they have shaped the course of development, especially were women are concerned.
These approaches have changed the way in which society has interacted with women and gender in the economic sector. Gender is defined by FAO as the relations between men and women, both perceptual and material. Gender is not determined biologically, as a result of sexual characteristics of either women or men, but is constructed socially.
It is a central organizing principle of societies, and often governs the processes of production and reproduction, consumption and distribution. Development is a specified state of growth or advancement.
Its main purpose was to integrate women previously viewed as passive beneficiaries of any advancement into the development process. Carr points out that during this are development was only viewed in its economic sense. The approach therefore called for greater attention to women in development policy and practice.
Between men and women it emphasizes the need to challenge existing gender roles and relations. The WID perspective marked an important corrective action highlighting the fact that women need to be actively involved in development as active agents if effective and efficient development is to be achieved.
African countries viewed women as second class in both economic and political circles, thus policies that sidelined women were crafted. Since WID assumed that women were the same the world over, it gave women the opportunity of getting actively involved in development.
Through women in development projects such as technology transfer, credit facilities and other interventions that have a welfare orientation especially of on projects of hygiene literacy and or child care are implemented. Also WID focuses on advocacy strategies that are for more and equal participation of women in employment and other spheres of society economics in particular.
Hence WID was more concerned with what women could offer to the success of development as opposed to what development could. When most countries attained their freedom in the s and s, women who took part in the struggle for independence felt that they should also participate in nation building activities together with men and this saw the birth of women and development WAD Sorensen; It is however important to note that the concept arose in the latter part of the s and it criticized WID.
Its origins are in the argument that that there should be a development approach to women that recognizes the dangers of integrating women into a patriarchal world. The central point of WAD is that women should be empowered economically, they should be emancipated from poverty as this will allow them to contribute and benefit from developments efforts Oishi; Furthermore it stresses the power of women in society in terms of their knowledge, work, goals and their responsibilities and that the society should acknowledge the role that has always been played by women in the society.
It considers the modern day women who are involved in activities at workplaces and at home in trying to improve the society. Agriculture is a key activity that boosts the economy of many African countries and for long women are the ones who had been taking part in ensuring that high yields or production is reached every year.
Connell et al is of the assertion that WAD points out that although women are involved in such activities of development; the contributions of women have been overlooked and marginalized in national and donor development plans. It is important to note that marginalization and smallness of scale have limited the transformative potential of women.
The approach also sees women as a class, downplaying differences among women, particularly along racial and ethnic lines. Moyoyetta is of the view that WAD sees both women and men as not benefitting from the global economic structures because of disadvantages due to class and the way wealth is distributed.
In a nutshell it ignores the question of social relations between men and women and their impact in development. It also emerged from the grassroots organizational experiences and writings of Third World feminists.
GAD is concerned with addressing the root, inequalities of both gender and class that create many of the practical problems women experience in their daily lives as opposed to the WID approach that views the absence of women in development plans and policies as the problem.
Unlike the WID, it addresses strategic interests such that it takes women as agents or enables women to become agents, it can improve the position of women in society and can empower women and transform gender relations and attitudes.
Strategic interests for women arise from their disadvantaged position in society relative to that of men. A case to note is the establishment of Women in mining in Zimbabwe. Its strength is on the ability to focus not just on women but also on the social relations between women and men, be it in the workplace or in any other settings it therefore seeks to address issues of access.
One can argue that Zimbabwe had traits of this paradigm at independence because men and women it the work place received the same remuneration and they also had equal opportunities for employment.Part II of the paper looks at the analytical and intellectual underpinnings of the shift from WID to GAD (gender and development).
Gender is being used by researchers and practitioners in a number of different ways. 1 From “WID” to “GAD” to Women’s Rights: The First Twenty Years of AWID AWID's Occasional Paper no.
9 By Joanna Kerr1 October 1 The author wishes to thank Cindy Clark for her research assistance as well as Aruna Rao, Nancy Natilson, Kristen Timothy and.
|WID, WAD, GAD theories in gender and development | Munyaradzi Mataire - benjaminpohle.com||In this essay, I will compare and contrast women in development WID and gender and development GAD as conceptual categories to determine how far the GAD approach is beneficial in investigating development issues and projects in the south.|
|WID, WAD, GAD theories in gender and development | Munyaradzi Mataire - benjaminpohle.com||However we see a shift to integrate women into development programs in hopes of eradicating poverty and low social economical status. The six main theoretical approaches are:|
|Some can say the general social meaning of being male or female.|
Differences Between Wid And Gad. COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT (WID) APPROACH AND THE GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT (GAD)  Gender by definition refers to the characteristics, trades, attributes or even roles that are expected for males and females by a given culture or benjaminpohle.com can say the general social meaning of being male or female.
This paper makes two arguments: that GAD is the best approach to address the inequalities women experience in developing countries, and that the WID approach must also play a .
Mar 19, · the wid, wad, gad approach on gender development March 19, · by cn2collins · Bookmark the permalink. Over the years development programs have been criticized for ignoring gender roles and the impact it has on women in the global south. COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT (WID) APPROACH AND THE GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT (GAD)  Gender by definition refers to the characteristics, trades, attributes or even roles that are expected for males and females by a given culture or society.