The dynasty was as powerful as the later Roman Empire. Their government was structured with power being centered around the emperor, but the emperor also set up a bureaucracy in which he selected many officials to govern alongside him based on their abilities as opposed to social status. Some of the government officialsincluded the In contrast, the Mauryan Empire B.
What are the similarities between nationalist movements in India and Indo-china? After World War II the rate of decolonisation around the world dramatically increased as anumber of colonies were striving for independence from theirforeign rulers. France …and the United Kingdom, holding some of thelargest colonies in the world, were feeling this wave ofnationalism, and both suffered colonial loss around the same time.
The two colonies were both the largest of their colonisers at thetime and both were economically most contributing. The UnitedKingdom and France were both unwilling to lose their mostprofitable colonies, so they took similar approaches to demoralisetheir rebellious inhabitants.
Both provided a strong militarypresence and used aggressive tactics to combat rebels. Despite theUnited Kingdom and France's efforts to avoid the loss of theircolonies both eventually gained their independence.
The UnitedKingdom and Franceavoided, and even refused, peaceful methods ofseparation, and only tightened their grip on the colonies. This ledto instability and created leaders like Gandhi and Ho Chi Ming, aspeople looked to find individuals to follow on their road toindependence.
Indochina and India, and its new leaders, wereunprepared for independence and the two colonies, and the people,became divided which would later involve into major conflicts.
Modern history views these events as two very different types ofdecolonisation, the following essay will show the similarities ofthe decolonisation, conflicts, and situations both France andtheUnited Kingdom faced leading up to, during, and after theprocess of decolonisation with their colonies of India andIndochina.
During the 's France and the United Kingdom could have avoidedthe large wave of nationalism in their colonies had they createdand maintained a stronger presence within those areas during themajor conflict of World War II. During the war the British andFrench military presence in their colonies was greatly diminished,as each nation was forced to remove a large sum of troops out inorder to assist with the war in Europe and to address the threat inthe east.
Also during this time the colonies of Indochina and Indiasaw the rise of very important leaders, who took control of themain independence movements in their respective nations. India sawthe passive rise of Gandhi, and the Indian Congress passed its'Quit India' resolution to remove British rule.
Both Gandhi and Ho Chi Minh took advantage of their colonisersweaknesses during the war, leading their countries into rebelliousactions and fighting for political reforms. The British had witnessed strong Indian nationalism as far back as when a riot had broken out in Meerut ; this made the British realise the potential threat ofthe Indian people, after this the British sought out to tightentheir hold over India.
At that time the British governmentdissolved the control of the East Indie Company and proceeded totake direct control of India, once this was accomplished no lessthan 60, British soldiers were found in India.
The strongmilitary presence Britain maintained in India continued to kept aconsiderable amount of control until the outbreak of World War II. After the war broke out The United Kingdom removed most of itsmilitary presence, as the troops were called back home Indiannationalism began to rise.
A strong anti-British movement beganduring the war, when Japan was drawing close to India and when theIndian Congress created 'Quit India', a campaign to finally andcompletely remove TheUnited Kingdom from India. It was thiscampaign that initiated the strong nationalist movement thateventually lead to Indian independence.
It was also during thistime that Gandhi became a highly respected leader of the Indians,and the people followed his every word. When Gandhi withdrew hissupport from those who fought in Germany and Japan it had created acivil disobedience campaign, the people began to riot and sabotageimportant British establishments and it hindered the allied wareffort.
Indian nationalism increased and the Britain's military andpolitical control decreased. It was these many events of the sthat eventually lead to Indian independence. France, like The United Kingdom, also experienced a wave ofnationalism in their colony of Indochina during World War II, whenFrance also had to withdraw its troops in order to combat theinvading German forces in Europe.
With the reduced number of Frenchtroops, Indochina was an easy target for the Japanese to invade andthe French temporally lost control over the colony during this timeperiod. Having seen the Japanese invade and defeat the remainingFrench forces, the people of Indochina realised that it was alsopossible for them to reclaim their country from their colonialoppressors.
It was during this time that Ho Chi Minhfounded acommunist party called the Viet Minh, the party was originallycreated to be an anti-Japanese movement but later it involved tobecome a Vietnamese independence group.
Ho Chi Minh set to workwith a great deal of skill and determination, assisted by his twoclosest colleagues who were also Communist, they preached strongnationalism.
Like Gandhi, Ho Chi Minh "was a man of incomparableprestige and popularity. There can be no doubt that it was adisaster that France underestimated this man".
Had the Frenchmaintained a larger presence in their colony Ho Chi Minh would havenever risen to power, and the resultingnationalism may not haveoccurred.
The violent and political troubles of decolonisation could havebeen avoided if The United Kingdom and France had allowed peacefulnegotiations to work earlier in the inevitable separation process. Inhad The United Kingdom given India the proper politicalvoice, and showed real concern for the issues of the colony, thestrong nationalist movement that developed in India could have beenavoided.
A similar event happened to the French in withIndochina. At that time a proposal was being made for Indochina'sindependence, by the separatist leader Ho Chi Minh. A peacefulsolution could have been easily accomplished andIndochina wouldhave remained a part of the French union, but the French refused togive in and wanted to keep Indochina as it was.
Both The UnitedKingdomand France would not listen to their colonies, and thisinevitably led to the major issues that arose with the subsequentdecolonisation. The United Kingdom's negotiations with India took the form of whatwas termed a Round Table Conferencewhich took place three times during, to determine the future of India.
These conferences were longoverdue since the Indian people had identified their lack ofrepresentation in Indian and British affairs for some time. Indiannationalist movements for a stronger voice date back to the latenineteenth century when the urban population grew frustrated withtheir lack of a political voice.Sep 24, · What is the the similarities and differences between Ancient China (Shang Dynasty) and ancient India?
What is the similar and different things between Ancient China (Shang Dynasty) and Ancient India (Indus River)?Status: Resolved. What are the differences and similarities between China's Han Dynasty and India's Mauryan Dynasty in terms of politics, society, culture, geography, and religion?
of ancient India was. Transcript of Ancient India vs. Ancient China. Ancient China vs. Ancient India Along what geographic feature do most civilizations begin?
What examples can you think of that we have learned about already? China is the same! Review! How did China’s geography affect its early civilization? Sep 24, · Best Answer: Ancient India was the centre of the world. India is the world's oldest and oldest continuing civilization.
India has made, by far, the most inventions and discoveries! In fact, the intellectual contribution of India is more than all other civilizations combined! "India Status: Resolved.
China and India China and India were both very advanced ancient civilizations. Both agricultural based civilizations made various technological advances. Although China and India shared many similarities, they had differences such as the social system, politics, and the importance of trade in the economy.
In conclusion both India and China both showed many differences, but also showed political, cultural, and economical similarities in the Classical period during B.C.E.- B.C.E. Both civilizations prospered during their times but they both also failed at some point.