Rylander describes a burglar who started punding, and could not stop, even though he was suffering from an increasing apprehension of being caught. Surprisingly, Tibetan monks are more afraid of death than any other group studied. Trump places tariffs on solar panels and washing machines in a move some people warn could set back renewable energy and laundry, I guess. New Zealand startup Rocket Lab reaches orbit with a low-cost rocket using an electric-pump driven engine and 3D-printed parts.
It is based on interviews with former and present panmen and pan women in Trinidad and Tobago and also draws on government documents, newspapers, and personal observations during some sixteen months of fieldwork in Trinidad between and Music as a social phenomenon has been of interest to scholars for some time and has given rise to numerous books and scholarly articles and to several scholarly journals for example, The Sociology of Music, Ethnomusicology and The Black Perspective in Music.
Max Weber has noted that some of the forces shaping music have social origins and that musical instruments themselves are socially ranked Martindale etal. He has also called attention to the conflict inherent in the social organization of music Contents or portions of this video cannot be rebroadcast, changed or manipulated in any way without the expressed permission of the author.
A British Colony for years and a Spanish one for years before that, it has been independent since Some Hindi and some French patois are spoken. Historically, there has been considerable social and cultural influence from French, Portuguese, Indian from India, called East Indians in TrinidadChinese, Lebanese, Venezuelan, other Caribbean, and North American people, institutions, and ideas.
Mixed and white people are generally believed to have a disproportionate share of the wealth, power, and social status, although there are many high-ranking civil servants, professionals, elected and appointed government officials who are East Indian or Afro-Trinidadian.
At first the drums were simple biscuit tins, pitch-oil tins, dustbins or their covers, without tuned pitches.
Gradually, through experimentation and refinement, pitches were added by pounding in and out on the top surface of the drums, and drums of varying depths were created to produce different ranges. Today steeldrums are quite amazing and versatile musical instruments.
The small tenor pans may have up to 32 different pitches. Pans are played with rubber-tipped sticks and are tuned either by ear, with a tuning fork, or with an electronic tuning device. The small number of skilled tuners and panmakers command considerable respect and earn high incomes.
Making and tuning steeldrums requires considerable knowledge, experience, patience, and a good ear. The proper raw material must be carefully chosen, the top hammered down to a precise depth, notes carefully marked in, sometimes with calipers, the drum cut down to the correct size and tuned, and the metal tempered by throwing water or oil over the drum while it is in a fire.
The number and position of the notes on the drums vary from tuner to tuner, and the pitches on some of the drums are not arranged in chromatic order, which facilitates striking the notes with the rubber-tipped sticks.
Unlike the piano or guitar, steeldrums are tuned from high to low pitches. There is wide variation in the types and combinations of steeldrums used in a given ensemble, depending on the occasion and the personal preferences of the band leaders and arrangers.
Following are the basic types of drums and their voice parts: The tenor pan, also known as the melody pan or the ping-pong, approximates the soprano voice and plays the melody.
It has from 28 to 32 pitches and is about six inches in depth. The double tenor is a set of two tenor drums, which play harmony and counterpoint and are about one-half inch longer than the single tenor.
The second pan is in the alto voice range and about eight inches in depth. Double seconds play harmony, in a set of two drums, providing the upper register of chords. The guitar pan plays rhythm and has about sixteen pitches. It is about fourteen to sixteen inches in depth and is played in pairs.
The tenor bass plays rhythm, in sets of four, with two or three pitches on each drum.
It is about five inches shorter than the full bass pan. The bass pan is the full size of the oil drum and plays rhythm in sets of six or nine. Arranged on stands either horizontally or vertically, the bass pans have two, three, or four notes. A steelband might also include a set of trap drums, some congas, bongos, maracas, and a piece of steel or heavy iron sometimes an automobile brake drumplayed as a percussion instrument with a piece of steel or an iron bar.
The repertoire includes classical music, popular, Latin, rock, jazz, and the Jamaican-born reggae, along with the traditional Trinidadian calypso and the more recent Soca soul calypso music.
Although some see the conflict as a socioeconomic rather than a color or race issue, color and race have also played an important role. In British colonial Trinidad in the s there was considerable prejudice and discrimination against people of African heritage, whether slave or free, colored or black.
Brereton observed that under Governor Picton in They had to get police permission to hold a ball and had to pay a discriminatory tax… A curfew at 9:After a lot of work, some people have been able to find an economic argument for why open borders would be a bad idea – but it still implies “a case against the stringency of current [immigration] restrictions”.
The experiences of Muslim women (Arabic: مسلمات Muslimāt, singular مسلمة Muslima) vary widely between and within different societies.
At the same time, their adherence to Islam is a shared factor that affects their lives to a varying degree and gives them a common identity that may serve to bridge the wide cultural, social, and economic .
As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria. Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo.
Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from benjaminpohle.com History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. The first known civilization to inhabit the region of present-day Sudan were the Meroitic people, who lived in the area between the Atbara and Nile Rivers from B.C.E.
until B.C.E., when the city of Meroe was ransacked by the Ethiopians.. At about this time, three Christian kingdoms—Nobatia, Makurra, and Alwa—came into power in.
Ann's Bookshelf Friend of my Youth Amit Chaudhuri Faber & Faber benjaminpohle.com , A$, hardback, pages This is a novel in which the narrator has the same name as the author and shares his profession, background, experiences and family.
Arranging marriages is an insult to the very nature of marriage, which should be about creating a loving and lasting partnership and family. It reduces a central part of what is fundamentally a religious ceremony (and every religion, including Islam, guarantees choice) to a commercial transaction and therefore undermines family values.