The Dynamics of Polyandry: Tre-ba were organized into named corporate family units which hereditarily held sizable amounts of agricultural land from their lord. These family units held written title to their land and could not be evicted so long as they fulfilled specified obligations. On the other hand, however, they were tied to their land and were unable unilaterally and permanently to leave it.
It is closely connected to the institution of family. According to Gillin and Gillin, "Marriage is a socially approved way of establishing a family of procreation. Marriage is an institution of society with different purpose, functions and forms in different societies but is present everywhere as an institution.
According to Malinowski, " marriage is a contract for the production and maintenance of children. Polygyny Polygyny is a form of marriage in which one man married more than one woman at a given time. Polygyny is more popular than polyandry but not as universal as monogamy.
It was a common practice in ancient civilizations. Polygyny is of two types: Sororal polygyny It is a type of marriage in which the wives are invariably the sisters.
It is often called sororate. The Latin word Soror stands for sister.
When several sisters are simultaneously or potentially the spouses of the same man the practice is called sororate. It is usually observed in those tribes that pay a high bride price. Non-sororal polygyny It is a type of marriage in which the wives are not related as the sisters.
Polyandry Polyandry is the marriage of one woman with several men. Polyandry is of two. Fraternal polyandry When several brothers share the same wife, the practice can be called fraternal polyandry. This practice of being mate, actual or potential to one's husband's brothers is called levirate.
It is prevalent among the Todas in India.
Non - fraternal polyandry In this type the husbands need not have any close relationship prior to the marriage. The wife goes to spend some time with each husband. So long as a woman lives with one of her husbands, the others have no claim over her.
Polyandry has its own implications.
It gives rise to the problem of determining biological paternity of the child. Among the Todas one of the husbands goes through what is called a bow and arrow ceremony with the woman and thereby becomes the legal father of her child. Among the Samoans, the children after the first few years are given the liberty to choose their parents for their permanent stay.
The selected parent becomes the actual father of the children. Monogamy Monogamy is a form of marriage in which one man marries the woman.adjective. of or befitting a brother or brothers; brotherly. of or being a society of men associated in brotherly union, as for mutual aid or benefit: a fraternal order; a fraternal association.
一妻多夫制（いっさいたふせい）は、1人の女性が複数の男性との結婚が可能、または奨励されている結婚制度。 雌が複数の雄と交尾する配偶システム。 雄に育児を任せることも多い。ポリアンドリー。一夫多妻制（ポリジニー）と合わせ、複婚（ポリガミー）の一 . Polyandry is a mating system where one female courts many males. Its evolution in several animal groups, including humans, is discussed in this article.
Great Basin Indian, member of any of the indigenous North American peoples inhabiting the traditional culture area comprising almost all of the present-day states of Utah and Nevada as well as substantial portions of Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming, and Colorado and smaller portions of Arizona, Montana, and.
The Sherpas are a tribe of Tibetan origin who occupy the high valleys around the base of Mount Everest in northeastern Nepal.
In the Tibetan language, Shar Pa means "people who live in the east," and over time this descriptive term has come to identify the Sherpa community. According to Sherpa tradition, the tribe migrated to Nepal from the Kham region of eastern Tibet over a thousand years ago.
Bibliografia źródłowa. Jiao, Ben. Socio-economic and Cultural Factors Underlying the Contemporary Revival of Fraternal Polyandry in Tibet (Czynniki społeczno-gospodarcze i kulturowe cechujące współczesne odrodzenie się poliandrii braterskiej w Tybecie).
PhD dissertation (praca doktorska), Department of Anthropology, Case .