Alfred Binet was convinced to conduct research into graphology from to He called it "the science of the future" despite rejection of his results by graphologists. His major contribution to the field can be found in Handschrift und Charakter. Zubin modified Klage's ideas, based upon their experience working for the U.
Another Italian professor, this time of Anatomy, called Marcus Aurelius Severinus, wrote a book on the same subject about the same time; but he died from the plague in before it was published.
From the mid-seventeenth century onwards, the number of articles and treatises on this topic continued to increase. The most important of them are the studies of the Swiss physiognomist Lavater in the eighteenth century and a book by the French writer Hocquart which appeared inat first anonymously.
The real origins of modern graphology are to be found in France. A study circle formed amongst the members of the higher French clergy systematically examined the relationship between human qualities and their graphic expression in handwriting.
Flandrin later became the teacher of the man who is the acknowledged founder of modern graphology as a science, Jean Hippolyte Michon ; Michon also established the name Graphology which is composed of the Greek words grapho, meaning I write, and logos, which means theory or doctrine.
Michon, who himself called graphology an art, worked only by experience and observation. With his intuitive genius and great faculties of observation, he found the graphic signs which writers with similar qualities and deficiencies have in common.
By his life work Michon produced an invaluable catalogue, so far unsurpassed, of graphological signs and rules based on his own experience. He did not attempt, however, to explain the probable reasons for the production of these signs, or to connect the psychology of handwriting with other branches of physiology or psychology, or to form a theoretical system.
The French school which followed him, led by his eminent pupil, Jules Crepieu-Jamin, continued to emphasize experience and empirical comparison in their graphological research. A society for the study of graphology was founded by Depoin, who also edited a periodical. Thus a centre of research and discussion was created, which attracted many illustrious Frenchmen including Dr.
This tradition is upheld by the modern French school. The theoretical system of graphology, based on physiology and psychology and its connection with the other branches of characterology, was the work of the German school.
The books and articles, however, which this writer published did not help the development of research, the impetus for which came from Austria. Schwiedland, later a Professor of Economics, published articles and a book based on the discoveries of the French school.
Langenbruch, a very able expert, founded in a periodical entirely devoted to graphology. He introduced two medical doctors to assist his researches and these later became his chief collaborators.
One of them, Dr.
He went as a child to Germany and became the founder of the new theory which took into account the physiology, psychology and pathology of handwriting and so connected graphology with the other achievements of modern science.
Ina second graphological periodical was founded in Germany, also a society for graphological research. Georg Meyer was psychiatrist to a German mental home. The great importance of Meyer was overshadowed only by the eminence of Dr.
Ludwig Klages, the most important research worker and the acknowledged high-priest of the German theoretical school. Klages, who later moved to Switzerland, wrote many books on problems of philosophy and the psychology of expression. He was the first to create a complete and systematic theory of graphology.
It was he who first saw in it the expression of human personality as a whole, and fitted it into its place with the other doctrines of human expression and characterology. He brought the basic elements of handwriting, into a system clearly defining the various meanings of every single handwriting trend, according to a general law of polarity that is, the same trend can denote one quality in one handwriting and the converse of the same quality in another.
He worked out a new system of analysis determined by a general standard of handwriting. For him the standard of writing is high when the writer succeeds in reconciling his genuine personal rhythm with the requirements of disciplined writing; the standard is lower by the degree to which he fails to achieve this reconciliation.
He is opposed to the idea that potential faculties of the same human being can develop in opposite directions and that the positive and negative aspects of the same writing tendency can consist in the same person.Graphology, or handwriting analysis, is the study of handwriting shapes and patterns to determine the personality and behavior of the writer.
Graphology should not be confused with document examination, which disregards the personality of the writer but determines forgeries and altered documents. How you craft letters and words can indicate more than 5, different personality traits, according to the science of graphology, also known as handwriting analysis.
To introduce students to the field, graphologist Kathi McKnight has them write She sells seashells by the seashore in cursive. Mar 01, · Best Answer: The idea has been around for millennia, but it seems that the first book written about it was by an Italian.
"In , the first known published book on graphology emerged. The book was written by Camillo Baldi, an Italian doctor of medicine and philosophy (and professor at the University of Bologna)."Status: Resolved. Graphology (or graphoanalysis, but not graphanalysis) is the analysis of the physical characteristics and patterns of handwriting claiming to be able to identify the writer, indicating psychological state at the time of writing, or evaluating personality characteristics.
Handwriting Analysis: The Complete Basic Book and millions of other books are available for Amazon Kindle. Learn more Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App/5(72).
First Book is a nonprofit social enterprise that provides new books, learning materials, and other essentials to children in need. Since our founding in , First Book has distributed more than million books and educational resources to programs and .