Differences of opinion vs faulty reason from a valid premise

In your response, include the following:

Differences of opinion vs faulty reason from a valid premise

Introduction to Argument Structure of a Logical Argument Whether we are consciously aware of it or not, our arguments all follow a certain basic structure. They begin with one or more premises, which are facts that the argument takes for granted as the starting point.

Differences of opinion vs faulty reason from a valid premise

Then a principle of logic is applied in order to come to a conclusion. This structure is often illustrated symbolically with the following example: Then apply principle of equivalence Conclusion: A valid argument is one in which, if the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true also.

However, if one or more premise is false then a valid logical argument may still lead to a false conclusion. A sound argument is one in which the logic is valid and the premises are true, in which case the conclusion must be true.

Differences of opinion vs faulty reason from a valid premise

Also it is important to note that an argument may use wrong information, or faulty logic to reach a conclusion that happens to be true. An invalid or unsound argument does not necessarily prove the conclusion false.

Demonstrating that an argument is not valid or not sound, however, removes it as support for the truth of the conclusion — it means that the conclusion is not necessarily true.

Dsiagreements are a result of faulty premises.

Breaking down an argument into its components is a very useful exercise, for it enables us to examine both our own arguments and those of others and critically analyze them for validity.

Examine your Premises As stated above, in order for an argument to be sound all of its premises must be true. Often, different people come to different conclusions because they are starting with different premises. So examining all the premises of each argument is a good place to start. There are several types of potential problems with premises.

The first, and most obvious, is that a premise can be wrong. If one argues, for example, that evolutionary theory is false because there are no transitional fossils, that argument is unsound because the premise — no transitional fossils — is false.

Introduction to Argument

In fact there are copious transitional fossils. Premises may also be true, as far as they go, but are incomplete. The premises are not wrong, but do not cover the relevant facts necessary to argue the conclusion. Another type of premise error occurs when one or more premises is an unwarranted assumption.

The premise may or may not be true, but it has not been established sufficiently to serve as a premise for an argument.

Introduction to Logical Fallacies

Identifying all the assumptions upon which an argument is dependent is often the most critical step in analyzing an argument. Frequently, different conclusions are arrived at because of differing assumptions. Often people will choose the assumptions that best fit the conclusion they prefer.

In fact, psychological experiments show that most people start with conclusions they desire, then reverse engineer arguments to support them — a process called rationalization.Therefore, comparing religion and science on the basis of falsifiability is a faulty comparison.

Exception: One can argue Conceptually, what you wrote makes sense. I would still need a specific example, however, to give my opinion on any possible fallacy. login to reply there are differences. Faulty comparison is the general category of. Jun 06,  · 1. Consider the following statement: Most disagreements or differences of opinion are more often a result of faulty, misunderstood, or confusing premises, rather than faulty reason from a valid benjaminpohle.com: Resolved.

Week 2 DQ3 Consider the following statement: Most disagreements or differences of opinion are more often a result of faulty, misunderstood, or confusing premises, rather than faulty reason from a valid premise.

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Consider the following statement: Most disagreements or differences of opinion are more often a result of faulty, misunderstood, or confusing Consider the following statement: Most disagreements or differences of opinion are more often a result of faulty, misunderstood, or confusing premises, rather than faulty reason from a valid premise.

However, if one or more premise is false then a valid logical argument may still lead to a false conclusion. A sound argument is one in which the logic is valid and the premises are true, in which case the conclusion must be true. Most disagreements or differences of Most disagreements or differences of opinion are more often a result of faulty misunderstood, or confusing premises, rather than faulty reason from a valid premise.

Faulty Comparison