Mesoamerican civilization The term Mesoamerica denotes the part of Mexico and Central America that was civilized in pre-Spanish times. In many respects, the American Indians who inhabited Mesoamerica were the most advanced native peoples in the Western Hemisphere. The northern border of Mesoamerica runs west from a point on the Gulf coast of Mexico above the modern port of Tampicothen dips south to exclude much of the central desert of highland Mexico, meeting the Pacific coast opposite the tip of Baja Lower California.
Visit Website By B. At its zenith, with a population estimated at , the civilization is thought to have controlled a large portion of southern Mexico. They developed a calendar and writing system and built cities that functioned as hubs for the surrounding farming towns.
The Mayan civilization collapsed in the early 10th century, likely due to overpopulation and the resultant damage to the ecological balance. Historians have determined that the Toltec people appeared in central Mexico near the 10th century and built the city of Tula, home to an estimated 30, people.
Some have speculated that the Toltecs performed human sacrifices to appease the gods. One of their kings, Tezcatlipoca, is said to have ordered mass sacrifices of captured enemy warriors. This triple alliance conquered smaller cultures to the east and west until the Aztec empire spanned Mexico from the Pacific Ocean to the Gulf Coast.
At their height, the Aztecs ruled 5 million people via a tightly-structured system of self-supporting units called calpulli.
Each unit had its own governing council, schools, army, temple and land but paid tribute to the supreme leader of the empire. Influenced by earlier Mexican civilizations, the Aztecs conducted extraordinary religious ceremonies that featured dances, processions and sacrifices.
In MayCortez and his followers attacked and conquered the Aztecs. BySpain controlled a large portion of the Aztec empire and had enslaved most of the ndigenous population. The missionaries built many monasteries and converted millions of people to Catholicism.
Many criollos had become rich and wanted equal political power, which now resided with the peninsulares. Together they drafted a Mexican constitution. He was later defeated by American forces during the Mexican-American War and, byhad gone into exile.
The Mexican people, tired of the unbalanced distribution of wealth and power, initiated the Mexican Revolution in The year civil war resulted in at least 2 million casualties.
The system benefited both the citizens and the economy. Due to negligible legislative assistance, the poor are generally unable to improve their socio-economic status.
The state of Chiapas exemplifies the problems caused by financial imbalance. Although their rebellion was unsuccessful, the Zapatistas continue to fight against imbalanced land ownership and power distribution, with little success.
Further complicating the already problematic social division is the ever-growing problem of drug trafficking, which has contributed to political and police corruption and helped widen the gap between the elite and the underprivileged.
Despite its problems, the Mexican economy, with its growing industrial base, abundant natural resources and variety of service industries, remains important to Latin America.
Today, tourism is a major contributor to the Mexican economy.
United Mexican States Capital: The god Huitzilopochtli advised them that a sign—an eagle devouring a serpent atop a Nopal cactus—would appear to them at the exact spot where they should begin construction. On a small island in the middle of a lake, the Mexicas came upon the scene exactly as Huitzilopochtli had described it.
Mexico is the third-largest country in Latin America after Brazil and Argentina. Mexico has the largest population of Spanish speakers in the world.
With almost 25 million residents, Mexico City is one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. At nearly 2, miles, the border between Mexico and the United States is the second-longest in the world, after the border between the United States and Canada.
Mexicans comprise the largest group of legal immigrants in the United States.Spanish settlement in the Philippines first took place in the s, during the Spanish colonial period of the islands. The conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi founded the first Spanish settlement in Cebu in , and later established Manila as the capital of the Spanish East Indies in Although, they were livingseparately, they were similar in many ways, theirreligion, mode of dressing, houses, system ofgovernment and marriage practices and economicactivities, in short, they wee refined and civilized; theypossessed a distinct culture that distinguish them fromother benjaminpohle.com-Spanish Period.
Philipine Culture During Pre-Hispanic Period Huwebes, Marso 1, Bathala was the supreme god of the pre-Spanish Filipinos. They attributed to Bathala the creation of the heavens, Earth, and man. cultural influences were inevitable. Many words in the Philippine language have Chinese origins.
The Chinese also taught the ancient. Pre-Columbian civilizations: Pre-Columbian civilizations, the aboriginal American Indian cultures that evolved in Mesoamerica (part of Mexico and Central America) and the Andean region (western South America) prior to Spanish exploration and conquest in the 16th century.
The pre-Columbian civilizations were extraordinary.
Feb 06, · Pre-Spanish Period The Philippines is the only country in Southeast Asia that was subjected to Western colonization before it had the opportunity to develop either a centralized government ruling over a large territory or a dominant culture. Nov 09, · Watch video · A country rich in history, tradition and culture, Mexico is made up of 31 states and one federal district.
It is the third largest country in .